Cancer is a sickness that can affect almost anyone, but there are certain types of cancer that only affect males, like prostate cancer. Cancer of the prostate is quite common among men. It’s actually the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men, with over 1 million cases every year (around 100,000 cases in the United States alone). Among the cancers that men get, prostate cancer has an excellent five-year survival rate of 99%.
Cancer of the prostate is quite common, but the good news is that it usually grows slowly, so it’s not as life-threatening. This type of cancer is one of the most treatable because it’s often found early; about 90% of cases are detected early.
Now, let’s talk about diagnosing, causes, and effective treatment for prostate cancer.
Prostate Cancer and Its Types
The prostate is a gland located in the lower pelvis of males. It’s responsible for producing semen, which is the fluid that helps and protects sperm cells. The prostate, controlled by testosterone, plays an important role in human reproduction.
Prostate cancer happens when abnormal cells start growing in the prostate gland. Although this cancer tends to grow slowly and is often detected early, it can spread to other parts of the male body and become life-threatening if not caught in time.
Like most cancers, the extent of growth, or the stage of the cancer, decides the best treatment plan. Cancer of the prostate is further categorized based on how quickly it grows. Faster-growing prostate cancer is called aggressive, while slower-growing prostate cancer is called non-aggressive.
If a person has aggressive prostate cancer, they will need a much faster and sometimes more radical treatment.
The Prognosis & Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is typically found when people visit their doctor for regular health check-ups. Sometimes, certain symptoms like blood in the urine or pelvic pain can also help detect it. However, in many cases, prostate cancer doesn’t show any signs at all. The good thing is that since prostate cancer usually grows slowly, it doesn’t cause immediate health issues.
There are two main ways to find out if someone has cancer of the prostate or if they have another condition like prostatitis or hyperplasia:
- Prostate Check: The doctor will examine the prostate gland through a physical examination to see if there are any unusual signs.
- PSA Level Check: The doctor may also do a blood test to check the level of PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen), which can give an indication of prostate health.
To stay healthy, you need to visit a doctor or healthcare provider regularly. Sadly, many guys don’t go for regular check-ups, and that’s why even a slow-growing cancer can become a serious problem. That’s why it’s essential to see your doctor regularly to prevent bad outcomes.
One way to check for prostate cancer is through a rectal exam. During this exam, the doctor or healthcare provider will feel the prostate to see if there’s anything unusual. They might find that the prostate is enlarged or has lumps, which could be signs of abnormal growth or a tumor. This exam, along with testing the PSA level (a blood test that measures a specific antigen related to the prostate), is the best way to detect possible prostate cancer early. High PSA levels in the blood have been linked to prostate cancer in men.
Other methods for diagnosing prostate cancer include taking small samples of the prostate (biopsies) and using special scans like MRI or CT scans.
Protocols for the Treatment of Cancer of the Prostate
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